Understanding Return on Equity (ROE) Definition

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ROE Definition

Return on equity (ROE) is a financial ratio that measures the profitability of a company by calculating the amount of net income returned as a percentage of shareholders' equity. It is a key metric used by investors to evaluate the performance of a company and its ability to generate profits from the money invested by shareholders.


ROE is calculated by dividing net income by shareholders' equity. The formula is as follows:

ROE = Net Income / Shareholders' Equity


ROE is expressed as a percentage and is used to evaluate a company's profitability. A higher ROE indicates that a company is generating more profits from the money invested by shareholders. A lower ROE may indicate that a company is not using its shareholders' equity effectively to generate profits.


ROE is an important metric for investors as it helps them evaluate the profitability of a company and its ability to generate returns for shareholders. It is also used by analysts to compare the performance of different companies in the same industry.


ROE should not be used in isolation to evaluate a company's performance as it does not take into account the level of debt a company has. A company with a high level of debt may have a higher ROE, but this may not necessarily be a good indicator of its profitability. It is important to consider other financial ratios and metrics when evaluating a company's performance.

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